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Pantheon

Perhaps ancient Rome's most astonishing architectural feat.

TravelCurious Tip

Enjoy the view over a grappa from a bar in the surrounding Piazza della Rotonda.

Holy dome

For the entirety of its two millennia, the Pantheon has been used as a place of worship. It was first built as a temple to the Roman Gods around 126 AD, and became a church after the Empire converted to Christianity in the 7th century - its internal niches now contain fine Catholic artwork including frescoes and Byzantine icons, and a magnificent high altar was added in the 17th century. The building’s consecration protected it from the terrible damage suffered by much of Rome’s ancient architecture during the early medieval period.

To this day, the Pantheon hosts religious masses and weddings. It is also the resting place for many eminent Romans, including the artist Raphael and the first king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II.

A monumental feat

From an architectural perspective, the Pantheon remains one of the great wonders of the world. The sixteen vast granite Corinthian columns of its portico - which each weigh 60 tons - were quarried in Egypt, dragged 100km on wooden sledges to the Nile, floated by barge down the river, crossed the Mediterranean Sea in ships to Ostia, then were transferred back onto barges to travel up the Tiber to Rome - before being rolled another 700 metres to the Pantheon. Quite a journey!

Its rotunda is no less impressive, crowned by the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome, whose height is exactly equal to the rotunda’s diameter - a 43.3m sphere fits perfectly inside. It is only relatively recently that architects have come to understand how the dome can support itself, let alone withstand the many earthquakes over its long history.

The dome’s 4,535 ton construction is ingenious. It reduces in thickness from 6.4m at the base to just 1.2m at the crown, further lightened by internal coffering; its aggregate consists of heavy travertine at the base, then lighter terracotta tiles, then even lighter porous tufa and pumice at the top. At the very apex, where the dome would be at its most vulnerable to collapse, there is no concrete at all: the oculus, a 9m circular aperture, lightens the load as well as allowing in a beam of sunlight. The polychrome marble floor features concealed bronze drainage holes to handle water ingress during storms.

Michelangelo himself was greatly moved by his first sight of the Pantheon, declaring it to be the work of angels; he was inspired to design the dome of St. Peter's Basilica, by which time the Pantheon was already almost 1,500 years old. It also inspired Brunelleschi’s stunning 15th century dome for Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence. The Pantheon remains today as stunning testament to the Roman Empire’s majesty, and one of the most influential and impressive buildings of all time.

Nearby Attractions

See all attractions in Rome
Trevi Fountain
A beautiful Baroque fountain, built at the end of an ancient Roman aqueduct.
Piazza Navona
A lovely square on the former site of the Stadium of Domitian, boasting wonderful Baroque fountains.
Campo De' Fiori
Host to a daily fruit and vegetable market, this square is a great place to soak up the atmosphere of Rome.
Altare della Patria
This dazzling monument to the Unification of Italy dominates the skyline of Rome.
The Church of Sant'Agnese in Agone
A beloved Baroque church set in Piazza Navona.
Caravaggio
An artist who heavily influenced Baroque painting whose pieces are found all around Rome.

Related Tours

Best of The Eternal City: Full Day Private Highlights of Rome inc Tickets
Discover the religious, historical, and cultural significance of Rome on this full-day tour. 

  • Take a step back into history as you explore the iconic Colosseum and Pantheon.
  • Do as the Romans do and take a stroll through the Roman Forum.
  • Explore the Old City Centre  to discover the Trevi Fountain and Spanish Steps.
  • Relax in one of Rome’s most elegant squares – the Piazza Navona.
  • Be mesmerized at the many treasures and masterpieces found in the Vatican when you step foot in the Sistine Chapel, St. Peter’s Basilica and Vatican Museums.
We can’t wait to take you on a timeless tour of the Eternal City. Rome is often referred to as being one of the most important tourist destinations in the world due to its religious, historical and cultural significance. On this full-day eight-hour tour, you will take a step into the past and visit cultural and historical highlights throughout the Eternal City. 

Historically – Rome was home to one of the most powerful empires in ancient history, conquering almost all of Europe over thousands of years ago. Religiously - it is one of the most important cities in Christianity and the Roman Catholic Church as the Pope resides in Vatican City situated in Rome. Culturally – masterpieces from both the Renaissance and Baroque periods are found all over the city; Renaissance artists like Michelangelo and Raphael have left their mark throughout the city and the Trevi Fountain and Spanish Steps represents some of the best architecture creations from the Baroque era. 
The Heart Of Rome at Night Private : Pantheon, Trevi Fountain and Spanish Steps
This half-day tour will give you a chance to learn about both Ancient Roman and Baroque architecture, giving you plenty of time to walk through historical landmarks and learn about the art history of the city. 

  • Climb the 135 steps of the magnificent Spanish Steps that lead to the beautiful Trinita dei Monti Church
  • Make a wish at the stunning Trevi Fountain and learn about the various myths behind the coins in the fountain. 
  • Step inside the over 2000 years old Pantheon – one of the best-preserved Ancient Roman buildings in existence. 
  • Take in the beauty and relax in the picturesque Piazza Navona.
There’s a popular saying that “Rome was not built in a day” and there’s evidence of this throughout the city. Often called the “Eternal City”, Rome is undoubtedly one of the most historically and culturally rich cities in the world. In the heart of Rome, you’ll come across the Pantheon and the Piazza Navona – two landmarks that date back to the Roman Empire; in addition, you’ll have the opportunity to see amazing architecture like the Trevi Fountain and the Spanish Steps from the Rococo (late-Baroque) period. 

This three-hour walking tour is designed to give you the perfect overview of the city as it includes some of the most beautiful attractions in the historic centre. This tour of the heart of Rome– more than any other, mixes the ancient with the late Baroque in a way that only Rome could. It is a great introduction to the magic in Rome. 
The Heart of Rome For Kids at Night Private Walking Tour
Designed with families in mind, this three-hour walking tour invites kids to fall in love with Rome. Discuss legends & myths from the Roman Empire, flick a coin into the Trevi Fountain, and strike a pose outside Rome's iconic buildings- this experience is sure to keep the entire family entertained! 

  • Climb the 135 steps of the magnificent Spanish Steps that lead to the beautiful Trinita dei Monti Church
  • Make a wish with your family at the stunning Trevi Fountain and learn about the various myths behind the coins in the fountain. 
  • Step inside the over 2000 years old Pantheon – one of the best-preserved Ancient Roman buildings in existent. 
  • Explore the stunning Piazza Navona with your family.

There’s a popular saying that “Rome wasn’t built in a day” and there’s evidence of this throughout the city. Often referred to as the “Eternal City”, Rome has undoubtedly one of the most historically and culturally rich cities in the world. It is particularly beautiful at night-time. 

In the heart of Rome, you’ll come across the Pantheon and the Pizza Navona – two landmarks that date back to the Roman Empire; in addition, you’ll have the opportunity to see amazing architecture like the Trevi Fountain and the Spanish Steps from the Rococo (late-Baroque) period. 
Heart Of Rome Golf Cart Tour
Cruise through Rome's highlights as you sit back and relax in your private golf cart.

  • Combine the intimacy of a walking tour with the comfort of a driving tour.
  • Discover the real Rome: the hidden back streets that only a small vehicle or pedestrians can access. 
  • Mobility not an issue: be driven right to the doorstep of buildings and through areas where cars aren't allowed to drive.
  • Visit the magnificent Spanish Steps that lead to the beautiful Trinita dei Monti Church
  • Make a wish at the stunning Trevi Fountain and learn about the various myths behind the coins in the fountain. 
  • Step inside the over 2000 years old Pantheon – one of the best-preserved Ancient Roman buildings in existence. 
  • See the Colosseum (outside) Piazza NavonaPalazzo Venezia (outside) and Campo De' Fiori.
Often referred to as the “Eternal City”, Rome is undoubtedly one of the most historically and culturally vibrant cities in the world. Here, you will come across the Pantheon and the Piazza Navona – two landmarks that date back to the Roman Empire; in addition, you’ll have the opportunity to see the amazing architecture of the Trevi Fountain and the Spanish Steps from the Rococo (late-Baroque) period. 

This three-hour golf cart tour is designed to give you a perfect overview of the city: visit the key sites in the centre and be shown all the best hidden haunts and local hangouts that you might otherwise miss. A golf-cart tour allows you to access parts of the city that cars and tour buses cannot. Stop off at attractions or for gelato whenever you feel like it, go for a wander through Rome’s winding cobbled streets and save your energy for the rest of the day by hopping back on your golf cart, which will be waiting, ready to whisk you away to your next destination. A great way to experience the magic of Rome in a comfortable and flexible manner – and your experience will be unaffected by the weather! 
Private Family Scavenger Hunt in Rome
Experience the alleyways, monuments, and secrets of Rome in a stimulating way, through a family scavenger hunt! 

  • Commence your scavenger hunt at Piazza di Spagna 
  • Answer riddles and map out your route 
  • Journey through the historic center of Rome
  • Make a wish at the Trevi Fountain  
  • See historical sights such as the Pantheon, and Navona Square 
This entertaining activity starts at Piazza di Spagna and the Spanish Steps, where you will be given advice and information before embarking on an adventure. Continue your hunt through the historic center of Rome, and keep your eyes pealed for clues along the way- passing Trevi Fountain and paying a visit to the Pantheon.  This is a chance to explore Rome in a stimulating way, and invites kids to work together to win a prize. There is an ice-cream included too! 
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