Wallace Monument

This Victorian Gothic tower commemorates William Wallace, the 13th-century hero who fought for Scottish independence.

TravelCurious Tip

The spiral staircase to the top of the monument is narrow, so it can be tricky with people going both ways. Go early to avoid congestion!

Pointing skywards from a crag in Stirling, near Edinburgh, the Wallace Monument commemorates William Wallace, who was immortalised by Mel Gibson in the film ‘Braveheart’. Both Edinburgh and Glasgow wanted to be home to the monument, and Stirling was chosen as a kind of neutral ground between the two.

An early proposal for the monument had been a colossal statue of Wallace, like New York’s Statue of Liberty. In the end they opted for a dramatic medieval tower — a Gothic exclamation mark over Forth Valley. It was completed in 1869 and stands at 67m, atop its 91m crag, offering spectacular views over the the floodplain of the River Forth, a deep green valley that includes the site of Wallace’s 1297 victory over the English at Stirling Bridge. Its panorama of the southern highlands’ striking mountains is unrivalled.

National hero

William Wallace was a key figure in the Scottish bid for independence. He opposed the efforts of King Edward I of England to impose his will over Scotland in the years around 1300. But in fact he only fought two battles, of which he won one and lost one, and he spent a fair bit of time in France before he resigned from his job and in the end was betrayed and executed.

Over the years his image has been polished somewhat, variously by the bard Blind Harry in his epic 1470 poem, ‘The Acts and Deeds of Sir William Wallace’, and subsequently by Hollywood. But the historical accuracy is perhaps less important than that the people wanted a national hero, and Wallace’s legend reflects attributes they admire: grit, pride, independence.


In 1997 a statue of Mel Gibson from Braveheart, called ‘Freedom’, was installed in the car park at the foot of the crag. It was regularly vandalised by locals, before it was caged to prevent further damage. The statue was removed in 2008.

Nearby Attractions

See all attractions in Edinburgh
Stirling Castle
Looming grandly from the crag of Castle Hill, Stirling Castle is one of the Scotland's most important and impressive castles.
A kelpie, or water kelpie, is a shape-shifting spirit inhabiting lakes in Scottish folklore
Blackness Castle
This 15th-century fortress stands on a rocky spit in the Firth of Forth, best known as 'the ship that never sailed'.
Bo’ness and Kinneil Railway
Bo'ness & Kinneil Railway. Our award-winning heritage railway is only 40 minutes drive from Glasgow and Edinburgh, located in the heart of the Forth Valley
Culross is a village and former royal burgh, and parish, in Fife, and one of Scotland's most picturesque villages, often used as a film and television location.
Linlithgow Palace
Linlithgow Palace was the birthplace of Mary, Queen of Scots and one of the principal residences of the monarchs of Scotland in the 15th and 16th centuries. Its magnificent ruins are set in a park beside a loch rich in wildlife.

Related Tours

The William Wallace Private Tour in a London Taxi from Edinburgh

Dive into the heart of Scottish history and lore on a captivating private tour of Sir William Wallace, a towering figure in Scotland's heritage, known for his relentless struggle for Scotland's independence and unyielding resistance against the oppressive forces of King Edward I of England during the late 13th century from the legendary Battle of Bannockburn to the mystical Kelpies, and the grandeur of Stirling Castle and the National Wallace Monument.

On this private full-day driving tour, you will: 

  • Travel in the comfort of a London Taxi with a private driver-guide;
  • Visit the famous Battle of Bannockburn Battlefield, a historic site near the town of Stirling, where the Scottish King Robert the Bruce secured a pivotal victory for Scottish independence in 1314;
  • Stop at the magnificent Kelpies, the towering horse-head sculptures that stand 30 meters tall as a tribute to Scotland's industrial heritage and a modern symbol of the nation's endurance and creativity;
  • Pass by the historic Stirling Castle, a strategically located castle which controlled the gateway to the Scottish Highlands;
  • See Stirling Bridge, where Sir William Wallace, alongside Andrew Moray, led the Scottish forces to a decisive victory against the English on September 11, 1297;
  • Learn about Wallace's heroic exploits and the enduring legacy of his fight for Scottish freedom at the National Wallace Monument;
  • If time allows, your guide will tailor the tour to include other nearby attractions, ensuring a comprehensive and personalised experience catering to your interests and curiosity before your scenic drive back to Edinburgh.

Embark on an unforgettable journey through time and legend with our exclusive private driving tour, exploring Scotland's most iconic and historically rich sites in the comfort of an iconic London cab. This immersive full-day tour will deepen your understanding of Scotland's past, providing insights into the events and figures that shaped this beautiful country. 

At the Battle of Bannockburn battlefield, you will uncover the dramatic events of 1314 when Robert the Bruce secured a pivotal victory for Scotland, although the battle occurred after Wallace's time, it is an essential part of the narrative of Scotland's fight for independence.

Experience the legendary Kelpies sculptures towering 30 meters high. These modern engineering masterpieces pay tribute to Scotland’s industrial heritage and mythical folklore. Take the opportunity to capture stunning photos of these iconic structures set against the tranquil landscape. 

Continue your journey to the Scottish symbol of resilience, Stirling Castle. Perched on Castle Hill, this fortress has witnessed many defining moments, becoming a pivotal point for both the Scots and the English during the Wars of Independence.

After a lunch stop, enjoy a drive towards the National Wallace Monument, a tribute to Sir William Wallace, the legendary Scottish hero. If time allows, your guide will tailor the tour to include any additional attractions that cater to your interests.  

During the tour, your guide will provide insightful commentary and answer any questions, ensuring a comprehensive and engaging experience. As the day comes to an end, you will be driven to your hotel with memories of a journey through Scotland’s heart and soul.

This tour is perfect for history enthusiasts, culture seekers, and anyone looking to explore the iconic- and hidden gems of Scotland. Embrace the opportunity to immerse yourself in the rich heritage and natural beauty of Scotland



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