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Holocaust Memorial

The Holocaust Memorial is a stark, effective reminder of a dark chapter in the history of the world.

TravelCurious Tip

The designer of this memorial has never said what exactly the stones mean, so try to discover your own personal view. It’s an imposing structure that demands attention, and rightly so, given the gravity of the subject matter.

Six million

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is located one block south of the Brandenburg Gate. Completed in 2005 to mark sixty years since the end of World War II, it was always going to be a controversial project. That said, it is widely claimed to be a success, both in terms of visitor numbers and in how it treats a difficult and painful topic.

Its design is meant to produce an uneasy, disorientating atmosphere whose nature portrays a sense of order that has lost touch with human values; the feeling inside is meant to echo the enclosure and entrapment felt by the six million Jews who were killed under Hitler.


Labyrinthine

The Memorial is composed of a grid of 54 x 87 separate concrete slabs - anonymous, grey, at varying heights with an undulating floor beneath. Tourists generally wander between the gravestone-like ranks, getting lost and absorbing themselves in the confusing labyrinth.

Beneath the Memorial, at its eastern edge, is an information centre which displays a timeline that lays out the course of Hitler’s hideous ‘Final Solution,’ from when the National Socialists took power in 1933 through the murder of 500,000 Soviet Jews in 1941. The rest of the exhibition is divided into four rooms dedicated to personal aspects of the tragedy, the individual families or the letters thrown from the trains that transported the Jews to the death camps.

Nearby Attractions

See all attractions in Berlin
The Reichstag
Constructed to house the Parliament of Germany, this imposing building has had a turbulent past.
Soviet War Memorial
The War Memorial, erected by the Soviet Union, is one of three memorials to fallen Russian soldiers in the city.
Brandenburg Gate
This 18th-century neoclassical triumphal arch is one of the best-known German landmarks: the grand entrance to the capital of Prussia.
Führerbunker
The Führerbunker is where Hitler spent his last days, cowering with his highest commanders whilst the Soviet army slowly approached Berlin.
Friedrichstraße
A major cultural hub, Friedrichstraße is the perfect street for a leisurely day's shopping.
Potsdamerplatz
A cosy spot in central Berlin, Potsdamerplatz is ideal for people-watching with a delicious cup of coffee.

Related Tours

Remembering World War II: Memorial Tour of Berlin
Travellers are usually humbled by the extreme efforts, honesty and openness of Germans recollections of the Second World War. A visit to Berlin is a reminder to never forget. This tour explores the German culture of memory, while talking about those who lost their lives and were persecuted.  

  • Begin at the Reichstag – see the bullet holes and graffiti left by Soviet solders from 1945.
  • Visit many of Berlin’s memorials, dedicated to those murdered and persecuted in World War II. 
  • Explore Tiergarten Park, Unter de Linden, Bebelplatz and the Stolpersteine stones, which commemorate the victims of the Soviet regime in Berlin. 
  • Finish at beautiful Museum Island and view the rebuilding of the Royal Palace
Learn about the final moments of World War II in Europe. See the bullet holes, shrapnel and Soviet graffiti that cover the Reichstag building. Visit Berlin’s memorials to the victims of war and those persecuted. These include memorials to the Holocaust victims, Albert Einstein, Book Burning, Neue Wache and the Soviet War Monument. Explore the beautiful Tiergarten Park, hear the stories of desperate Berliners who used the park as farmland and for firewood after the war. Next see the majestic Brandenburg Gate, and wander along the historic Unter den Linden Boulevard. 
Full Day Highlights Tour of Berlin: Old & New Berlin
On this comprehensive full-day highlights tour in Berlin, you will endeavor to uncover the history of this remarkable city, and become better acquainted with its tumultuous past and driving forces that have created the metropolis that you see today. 

  • See the Reichstag and Brandenburg Gate and learn about their historical and political significance over the past one hundred years. 
  • Stroll through 17th Street where you will come across the Holocaust Memorial, Hitler’s Bunker, Berlin Wall and Topography of Terror Museum
  • Enjoy a long lunch at a local spot recommended by your private guide (price not included).
  • Visit Museum Island where you’ll see some of Germany’s best museums, featuring amazing art and cultural artifacts. 
  • See the old and the new – take a walk through the Jewish Quarter with over 800 years of history and end up at the Fernsehturm, Berlin’s futuristic TV tower.  
Through this tour, you will embark on a journey through time, visiting sites that played a role as Berlin evolved from Royal city through to Imperial capital, cosmopolitan hub to Nazi bastion, and from Cold War division to its contemporary renewal and prosperity. A century of geopolitical struggle, hubris, nemesis and rebirth have marked this fascinating city from the ambitions of the Kaiser to defeats in two World Wars.  You will visit the landmarks that played a role in shaping Berlin's history.
Half Day Highlights Tour of Berlin: World Wars and Modern Culture
Full of historic gems, Berlin is a must visit for anyone wanting to become better acquainted with one of the most vibrant cities in Europe. On this half-day highlights tour, you will have the pleasure of learning about Berlin – from the beginning of the 20th century to modern times. 

  • See one of Berlin’s most iconic buildings – the Reichstag and learn about its historical and political significance over the past one hundred years. 
  • Explore 17th Street where you will come across the Holocaust Memorial, Hitler’s Bunker and Berlin Wall
  • Stroll past Potsdamer Platz – Berlin’s most important public square that houses World War II exhibitions and the Topography of Terror Museum. 
  • Visit Checkpoint Charlie – an open-air exhibit illustrating milestones in Cold War history.
Since the late 1800s, Berlin has seen triumphs and defeats. From being a formidable empire to be reckon with in the late 1800s to early 1900s, to being fully decimated after World War I, to the rise of Hitler in the 1930-1940s, to again being virtually destroyed after World War II, to being a city divided during the Cold War and finally with the Berlin Wall coming down in 1989 – it’s suffice to say the past 150 years in Berlin have been dramatic and turbulent. Through this tour, you will experience first hand, the fascinating political history of the German capital.  
Berlin's History for Kids: Learn About The World Wars
On this half-day tour, you and your family are invited to discover Berlin's imperative history in a vivid and engaging way- from the beginning of the 20th century to the present day.

  • Vetted, expert, child-friendly guide tailored to you and your family. 
  • See Berlin's historical sights –  interesting for adults and kids alike. 
  • Visit the iconic  Reichstag and learn about its historical and political significance over the past  hundred years. 
  • Explore 17th Street where you will come across the Holocaust Memorial, Hitler’s Bunker and Berlin Wall
  • Stroll past Potsdamer Platz – Berlin’s most important public square that houses World War II exhibitions and the Topography of Terror Museum. 
  • Visit Checkpoint Charlie – an open-air exhibit illustrating milestones in Cold War history.
  • History brought to life with many interesting facts and engaging stories to interest the kids.

Your guide will adapt to what interests you: from specific facts in history, to types of weaponry and the most riveting of war stories to discussions about modern day Berlin. On this private tour, you and your family take centre stage - no large groups. Because of this your tour will much more intimate and rewarding – ask as many or as little questions as you wish and experience history in a way that is completely different to the classroom. After this tour, you and your family will have a good background into the fascinating political history of the German capital.  Not to be missed!

We built this tour because 
it invites the next generation to be well-informed of tragic events across the 20th century.
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