Plaza San Martin

Plaza San Martin was the scene of important historical events and is one of the most famous parks in Buenos Aires. It was declared a National Historic Site in 1942.

Nearby Attractions

See all attractions in Buenos Aires
Monumento al General San Martin
A large statue honouring a very important Argentine founding father.
Monumento a Caidos de Malvinas
A touching memorial to the Argentine servicemen who died in the 1982 conflict.
Museo de Armas de la Nacion
This museum hosts a large collection of weaponry in rooms covering Argentina’s military history.
Teatro Colon
The Colon Theatre is Buenos Aires' opera house and an architectural icon of the city. This concert hall can accommodate up to 3000 people and because of its amazing acoustic, it's considered among the best five theatres in the world.
Torre Monumental
The Torre Monumental or Torre de Los Ingleses is a monument located in the Retiro neighborhood, in Buenos Aires. Located in the Plaza Fuerza Aérea Argentina. It was built by British residents in 1916, to commemorate the centenary of the May Revolution. The tower is 60 meters high and has a viewpoint from which you can see the Retiro neighborhood.
The Obelisco of Buenos Aires is a historical monument built in 1936 to conmemorate the first foundation of the city.

Related Tours

Hallowed Ground: the Plaza San Martin
·        Walk around the Plaza San Martin, where a key battle was fought in 1807
·        See the General San Martin Monument
·        Visit the main memorial for the 1982 conflict at the Monumento a los Caidos en Malvinas
·        See Argentina’s main military museum: the Museo de Armas de la Nacion

The military history of Argentina is very nuanced, even confusing. Few people agree on everything but three parts of its story are widely seen as very important. First, the defeat of the British in 1807 had an enormous effect on how Argentina developed as a country. Second, General José San Martin was a military hero. Third, the dead of the 1982 conflict should be honored and remembered.  

It is rare to find a place where so much of a nation’s history are covered, but we had one big advantage when creating this tour: the Plaza San Martin is a unique place. 

A National Centre

Your private guide will take you on the Plaza, telling the story of the ill-fated British invasions of Spain’s River Plate colony during the Napoleonic Wars. Here, beneath the huge Ombu trees, they will help you step back in time two hundred years to when General Whitelocke surrendered his sword on what would be named the “Field of Glory”. You will also hear the heroic tale of how José San Martin led the Army of the Andes to liberate Peru beneath his epic monument, imagining the Andes in the middle of Buenos Aires. 

Modern Memories

Argentina’s recent military history is remembered more sombrely, and your guide will be able to tell you how the 1982 conflict – known in the English-speaking world as the Falklands War – was planned, and lost, in Buenos Aires. It is fitting that the main memorial to those dead is in the Plaza San Martin. Your guide will also be able to tell you how this conflict drastically changed Argentina’s relationship with Britain by the Torre Monumental, a red-brick building still bearing the British national coat of arms that used to be called the “Torre de los Ingleses”. They will also take you around the Museo de Armas de la Nacion. This museum, with the largest collection of weaponry in South America, covers all parts of Argentina’s military history with aplomb while giving a great view of pieces from across the globe.   

1976 - 1983: the Years to Remember
·        Walk around the Plaza de Mayo that saw many protests against the dictatorship
·        See the memorial to the dead of the 1982 conflict in the Plaza San Martin
·        Go into where the dictatorship murdered and tortured its victims in ESMA

Argentina’s political history is riven with strife, but the state terror of the military Junta between 1976 and 1983 explored terrible lows of inhumanity. This tour covers that depressing period and looks at both the domestic terror, and the defeat in the 1982 conflict which proved a catalyst for its downfall. 

Place of Protest

Walking around the Plaza de Mayo, your own private guide will tell you the general story of the dictatorship and why where you are standing is so important. From being a place of protest for the Madres de Plaza de Mayo, who demanded information on their missing children, to where headquarters of the state secret police was based, it became a symbol of the experiences of many ordinary Argentinians. 

Hubris and Memory

Venturing with your private guide to the north of Buenos Aires, you will walk around the Plaza San Martin. This is where the Argentine dead from the 1982 conflict are remembered at the Monumento a los Caidos en Malvinas, where a guard from one of the three services is always present during the day. Your guide will also point out important buildings surrounding the bucolic park, from the historic headquarters of Argentina’s Foreign Ministry to the Circulo Militar, where the influential Military Officers Club is located. 

Place of Horrors

Even further north is where the Junta did some of its most horrific acts. The Espacio Memoria y Derechos Humanos is now a museum but the site used to be a military site (known by its Spanish initials as ESMA) where people were murdered, tortured and imprisoned.  Walking around the grounds is a sobering experience when you know what happened in each building. It is tough to leave the place and forget you visited.   


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