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Mosteiro de Alcobaça

A gigantic church built by King Afonso, the Mosteiro de Alcobaça evolved into one of the most prominent Gothic monuments in Portugal.

TravelCurious Tip

Rent a car and make a day trip of Alcobaça and the nearby monastery in Batalha, along with Porto de Mós and its rebuilt castle

Alcobaça is a small city that has grown along the valleys of the rivers Alcoa and Baça, from which it takes its name. It shot to fame when the first King of Portugal, Afonso Henriques, elected to build a church there to commemorate the Conquest of Santarém (now Lisbon) from the Moors in 1147. The church later became a monastery, and one of the finest Gothic buildings in the country.


The monastery is enormous, containing five cloisters, seven dormitories, a library and a vast kitchen, described the the 18th century traveler William Beckford as “the most distinguished temple of gluttony in all Europe.” However, the church itself is the highlight: it’s Gothic grandeur makes the perfect resting place for one of Portugal’s great couples.


Portugal’s Greatest Love Story

Within the monastery are the tombs of Pedro I of Portugal and his murdered mistress Inês de Castro. Although Pedro was in love with Inês, as heir to the throne he was obliged to marry Princess Constanza of Navarre. Years later, when Constanza died, he was at last free live with Inês. However, his father saw her as a threat to the throne and had her murdered. Heartbroken, Pedro silently harboured his grudge for years.


When he finally succeeded to the throne he took revenge on the two men who killed Inês, having their hearts torn out. He then revealed that he had actually legally married Inês before he married Constanza, and had her corpse exhumed and crowned as Queen. Every member of the court then had to kneel before her and kiss her decomposed hand.


Now, the two lovers are buried in the Alcobaça monastery where they stand foot to foot, so that when they rise on Judgement Day the first thing they will see will be each other. Each tomb carries the inscription “Até ao fim do mundo” — “until the end of the world.”

Nearby Attractions

See all attractions in Lisbon
Sintra
This municipality is a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its vast 19th century Romanic monuments.
Fátima
A religious town dating from the 14th century, famed for the Marian Apparitions witnessed in 1917.
Mosteiro da Batalha
Erected in celebration of the 1385 victory at the Battle of Aljubarrota, this Dominican convent was later the burial ground for 15th century monarchs.
Nazaré
This picturesque seaside village is home to some of the country's very best beaches.
Caldas da Rainha
This city is famed for its thermal baths and traditional ceramic pottery.
Óbidos
A medieval fortress surrounded by 12th century walls, this charming town was gifted to Isabel of Aragon in 1282.

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